Utah Brain Injury Attorney

Contact a Utah Brain Injury Attorney

There are millions of people, and many in Utah, that suffer severe brain injuries every year. Many of those people die as a result of their injuries and many more suffer long term disability. A traumatic brain injury may be the result of such things as car accidents, slip and fall injuries, sports concussions, violence, and many other causes.

Utah Brain Injury Attorney
If you have suffered a brain injury resulting from the negligence of another, contact a Utah brain injury attorney at Salcido Law Firm.

Sever brain injuries can cause serious side effects and medical complications in patients. Such complications may include bleeding and bruising on the brain, loss of memory, fractures, and other issues. Symptoms of these injuries include blurred vision, ringing the ears, and various cognitive difficulties.

At Salcido Law Firm, we have a team of experts we can refer you to do better discover the extent of your traumatic brain injury. Our Salt Lake City brain injury attorneys can effectively represent you in bringing claims for damages against those responsible for your injuries. While we can’t undo the pain, suffering, and other damages you have suffered, we can help to ensure you are compensated for the medical expenses and other damages you have suffered.

Spinal cord injuries are a serious matter and can be devastating to victims and families. If you have experienced a spinal cord injury, it might seem like every aspect of your life will be affected by this injury. A spinal cord injury often causes paralysis.

Spinal cord injuries are the result of trauma to the spinal column that results in the loss of some function or mobility. A spinal cord injury may be traumatic or non traumatic. The most common causes of spinal cord injuries are motor vehicle accidents, acts of violence, falls, sports and recreation injuries, alcohol, and diseases.

If you or a loved one has suffered a spinal cord injury due to the negligence of another, you may be entitled to compensation. Spinal cord injuries often result in long term medical care, may result in the inability to work, and may carry with it an emotional struggle. Our Utah spinal injury lawyers are skilled in the legal process of bringing a claim for your damages.

Get the compensation you deserve for your Utah brain injury or Utah spinal cord injury today. Call Salcido Law Firm anytime at 801.413.1753 or toll free at 888.337.3235. You can also email us about your case.

What are the Symptoms of Brain Injuries?

It is often not immediately obvious that someone is suffering from a brain injury. Thus, sincere and cautious attention must be paid to early symptoms, even if mild. Symptoms may include headaches, deep confusion, mood changes, unexpected changes in sleep patterns, nausea, dizzy spells, depression, anxiety, loss of consciousness, or loss of other bodily control.

In some cases no apparent symptoms will manifest themselves in an injured person for great lengths of time. Thus, anyone who has experienced any significant impact to the head or has been exposed to any other risk factor for brain injuries should seek prompt medical assistance.

Dealing with Brain Injuries

Brain injuries, of any sort, can be very scary, debilitating, and painful. Injuries to the brain can arise through congenital defects, environmental impacts, or in some instances as the result of trauma. Sometimes the injuries will immediately affect brain function. Other times an injury may go unnoticed for months or even years, without overt symptoms. Brain injuries can be difficult to diagnose and often it is difficult to identify a cause. For these reasons, such injuries often leave those affected in need of help. If you think that you or someone you know may be suffering from a brain injury, it is important that you seek help from caring and qualified experts.

The human skull serves as a hard protective shield to our brains; nevertheless, our brains are still extremely vulnerable to injury. Brain tissue can be damaged by many different things including, infections, tumors and strokes, but any external force against the brain can result in a Traumatic Brain Injury. Traumatic brain injuries can be a result of penetrating head injuries and closed head injuries. Penetrating head injuries occur when an object forcibly enters the brain and causes damage to a specific area. Closed head injuries occur when there is a blow to the head. Closed head injuries are most common in car accidents, falls and other general accidents.

Both of these types of injuries can result in TBI and can cause bruised brain tissue, bleeding inside the brain and nerve damage. Secondary damage like fever, swelling, neurological chemical imbalance or seizures can result as well.

When someone is suffering from a brain injury, any brain function can be disrupted. Trauma to the brain can have a number of different side effects that may appear to be very minimal. Side effects such as excessive sleepiness, inattention, difficulty concentrating, depression, irritability, disturbed sleep and impaired memory can all be side effects of a serious brain injury.

Injuries to the brain can be especially difficult as they often have a direct impact on social mechanisms and/or critical thinking capabilities which, in turn, directly impact interpersonal relationships. Routine tasks may become more difficult. Your ability to maintain your employment might even be in jeopardy. Medical care and other assistance can be very expensive. This means that the hardship extends beyond those injured to their loved ones.


A concussion occurs when someone receives a sudden impact to the head causing the brain to forcefully collide with the skull. Thus, concussions are commonly caused by falls, car or bike accidents, fights, sports collisions, or other similar impacts.

The collision causes the brain to temporarily function abnormally. Concussions, which have received a fair amount of public discussion especially in the realm of sports, are often mistakenly believed to be not serious. Although, with proper rest, most people recover from concussions within a few days to a few weeks, many concussions can have much more severe consequences. In some cases concussion can cause long-lasting debilitations or even permanent brain damage.

The severity of the injury can become especially severe when improperly treated. Complicating treatment issues further is the fact that not all concussions will reveal symptoms immediately or symptoms may be subtle.

If you think that you or a loved one may have suffered a concussion, it is important that you pay close attention to warning signs and seek proper medical attention. Symptoms of a concussion will often include amnesia and confusion. Other symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, headache, ringing in the ear, or nausea. Delayed symptoms may include depression, difficulty concentrating, or an increased sensitivity to light or noise.

Fetal Brain Injury

Fetal (in utero) and neonatal (within the first four weeks/month after birth) brain injuries are some of the most devastating and long lasting injuries due to the potential long term consequences they have on the child.  Many fetal and neonatal brain injuries are avoidable and occur only because of the negligence of a health care provider.

Generally speaking, any violation of the standard of care by a health care provider that causes a fetal or neonatal brain injury will entitle you to compensation in a sufficient amount to take care of the damages suffered by your child.  More specifically speaking, there are a number of different ways that fetal brain injuries occur, including.

  • Hypoxia/Anoxia – hypoxia is when the fetus’s brain was deprived of sufficient amounts of oxygen.  Anoxia is extreme hypoxia, a complete deprivation of oxygen.  Either hypoxia or anoxia can lead to fetal brain damage.  Sometimes this can occur if the cord is wrapped around the baby’s neck in the womb or during delivery.
  • Infections – if your doctor misdiagnosed or failed to diagnose an infection that caused cerebral palsy or encephalopathy you have the right to pursue compensation through a medical malpractice claim.
  • Blood incompatibility, such as ABO and Rh blood type incompatibility – Blood incompatibility occurs when the mother’s blood type is different from the fetus’s blood type. Certain combinations of differing blood types can cause mild problems such as jaundice in the baby to significant problems such as cerebral palsy.  Many times blood incompatibility is treatable.  If a physician fails to properly treat blood incompatibility and cerebral palsy results, you may be entitled to compensation.
  • Post-delivery bleeding – if the baby was involved in a long labor and difficult birth he may be susceptible to bleeding in the brain.  The attending physicians should test the baby for any such problems and if they fail to do so this can cause brain injury.
  • Medication/anesthesia complications – improper amounts or types of medications and anesthesia can also cause fetal and neonatal brain injuries.
  • Mishandling the newborn – although rare, newborns have been dropped in the delivery room causing severe brain damage.


A hematoma occurs when a blood vessel wall is damaged and blood collects in tissues where it doesn’t belong.  Hematomas vary significantly in size, location, and danger.  Hematomas may occur in various muscles or at broken bone sites in your extremities, in your ear or nose, or your scalp.  However, the most dangerous hematomas are described as intracranial and occur when the damaged blood vessel is within your brain or between your brain and your skull.  Such hematomas are potentially life-threatening and often require immediate treatment.

The most common cause of a hematoma is trauma.  In some people, usually older adults or individuals on blood thinning medication, hematomas may result from even relatively minor impacts.  Have you or a member of your family recently been injured in a fall, car accident, motorcycle accident, or some other incident involving head trauma as the result of the negligence of another?  Has there been a instance of hospital negligence resulting in a hematoma?  The law office of Salcido Law Firm is prepared to provide you excellent legal advice.  We assist victims of Salt Lake City personal injuries and injured victims all over the state of Utah.

Hematomas resulting from head injuries occur in three different forms:  epidural hematomas, subdural hematomas, or intraparenchymal hematomas.

  • Epidural Hematomas:  Usually the result of a ruptured artery, epidural hematomas occur when blood accumulates between the outermost (dural) layer of the brain and the skull.  Because of the tight space here, even small epidural hematomas can cause significant pressure.
  • Subdural Hematomas:  Ranging in severity from acute (very severe) to chronic (less severe), subdural hematomas occur when blood vessels, usually veins, ruptures beneath the dural membrane (where there is more room for blood to accumulate) of the brain ruptures causing compression of the brain tissue.
  • Intracerebral Hematomas:  Hematomas occurring within the brain tissue itself.

Because the skull is an enclosed bone, any pressure buildup within the skull can be severe and should receive prompt medical attention.


Have you suffered an injury resulting in inflammation and swelling, also known as edema? Edema occurs when small blood vessels release fluid into surrounding tissue and can affect isolated body parts or the body as a whole. Although edema refers to swelling anywhere in the body and is common in several areas of the body, especially the limbs, cerebral edema (swelling in the brain) can be especially dangerous.

Cerebral edema, defined as an excess accumulation of water in the brain, can be caused by sodium deficiencies, high altitudes, or brain tumors. Cerebral edema is also a possible consequence of trauma to the head. If you or a loved one has recently been involved in an accident that resulted in trauma to the head, and subsequent swelling, there is a Utah law office prepared to excel at meeting your legal needs. Our head trauma injuries attorneys can help.

Cerebral edema is a complex medical condition that has been distinguished into several different classifications, each with its own causes and unique impact on the brain. Treatments range from prescription medications, to simple diuretics, to surgical remedies. Victims of a traumatic brain injury resulting from a negligently induced accident or from negligent medical care require legal assistance to help them seek the compensation they require to make things right. Such legal assistance requires a personal injury attorney that is experienced and capable of handling the complex medical issues throughout the case.

Loss of Consciousness

Traumatic brain injuries can be the result of large and relatively minor impacts to the brain, and either can lead to serious complications.  Furthermore, some injuries that started with a loss of consciousness may get worse over time or appear to pass altogether only to reveal symptoms weeks or months later.  Loss of consciousness may be a symptom of brain complications that can require significant medical attention, and significant medical costs.

There are varying degrees of consciousness related symptoms, and each can point to different causes and different injuries.  Altered consciousness can manifest itself in simple confusion, delirium, or a stupor.  A complete interruption of consciousness may also occur.  If there is spontaneous recovery, the loss of consciousness is referred to as syncope, more commonly it is referred to as fainting.  Syncope is caused by lack of blood flow, and thus oxygen, to the brain.  More severe instances of altered consciousness may result in a coma.

The loss of consciousness resulting from a traumatic injury can cause significant future brain impairment and at times, even permanent brain damage.  Thus, those who have lost consciousness should be closely monitored for further symptoms of brain injury and medical attention should be sought and followed.


cerebrospinal fluids serve several life-sustaining functions, excessive build-up creates harmful pressure on the brain tissues.  The build-up can be caused by various factors including trauma resulting from accidents, other injuries, or surgical error.

Brain injuries including hydrocephalus can lead to permanent brain damage or even death.  If you or someone you love has been the victim of an accident or medical negligence resulting in hydrocephalus, an experienced attorney from the law office of Salcido Law Firm can help you seek your just compensation.  Similarly, if you were harmed due to a misdiagnosis or a delayed diagnosis which involved hydrocephalus, then you need the help of a qualified Utah personal injury attorney who can understand the medical complexities and guide you through the legal process.

Hydrocephalus can occur in both infants and adults.  Congenital hydrocephalus, which is a build-up of fluids in the brain at birth, can cause significant brain damage that may manifest itself during development in mental and/or physical problems if not found and treated quickly.  Congenital hydrocephalus may be caused by infections in the mother, bleeding of the fetus, or other birth defects.  Adults may also suffer from hydrocephalus when fluid builds up as a result of cerebral hemorrhaging, brain tumors, infections, or simple brain trauma.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary depending on several factors including age and general health.  For example, in an infant hydrocephalus can cause significant increase in head circumference.  In adults symptoms generally include headache, vomiting, nausea, poor balance, optic disk swelling, or double vision.  Like other brain diseases, symptoms may be delayed, so a patient must be vigilant at paying attention to warning signs after a head injury.

Post-Traumatic Amnesia

Post-traumatic amnesia is a term for a loss or disruption of memory following a traumatic injury to the brain.  The condition often results in loss of consciousness ranging from a few seconds to a coma lasting for weeks or longer.  Experiencing post-traumatic amnesia, or witnessing it in a loved one, can be very frightening.  More than just that, however, there are several risks of long term effects resulting from the injury.  Thus, long term care can  be necessary, a person may be unable to retain work, and such consequences can be financially costly.

Post-traumatic amnesia is described as an alteration of consciousness, experienced when the patient appears to be awake. It may occur whether or not there was a prior period of unconsciousness.  There are two principal types of amnesia:  retrograde and anterograde.  With retrograde amnesia a person forgets events leading up to an injury.  With anterograde amnesia a person has difficulty creating new memories after an injury is incurred.  The most common symptom of the amnesia is a loss of continuous memory of the present.  An injured person may not act like themselves anymore, may be easily agitated or distressed or show other signs of confusion.

Because post-traumatic amnesia can be so disorienting for a person, it is especially important that those close by are both patient with the symptoms and vigilant to protect the person from accidentally injuring themselves further.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (often abbreviated as TBI) refers to damage suffered to one’s brain as a result of some sort of impact to the brain.  TBI is a complex injury.  The sources of impact leading to TBI are countless, and there is a wide spectrum of symptoms and potential effects.  The leading impacts to cause death as a consequence of TBI result from falls, automobile accidents, and firearms.  But TBI is also often suffered by victims of industrial accidents, construction accidents, traffic accidents, trips and falls, as well as negligent medical malpractice.

Traumatic brain injuries can be devastating to the injured and to his or her family.  Financial strain is one potential hardship.  Complications from missed or delayed diagnoses are also possible as doctors sometimes miss TBI amidst other injuries resulting from a trauma.  If you think that you or your family has been affected by TBI as the result of another’s negligence, don’t miss the opportunity to seek just compensation.  The law office of Salcido Law Firm is a small and friendly Utah law firm composed of personal injury lawyers experienced in successfully handling brain trauma cases.

The consequences of suffering from TBI can be immense.  Even seemingly mild cases can have tremendous effects on an injured person and the family.  Long-term rehabilitation is often required.  Changes in one’s brain functionality can have significant impact on one’s relationships with family and friends, and often one’s ability to sustain the same level of employment.

Symptoms of TBI include headaches, sleep disturbances, nausea, loss of smell, slow thought, irritability, depression and other unusual behavioral changes.  Common to brain injuries, there is also a real risk that a person will appear normal and symptoms will be hard to notice or may have a delayed impact.  Thus, the injured and the family must be diligently watchful of warning signs for some time following a traumatic injury.


Seizures occur when the brain becomes agitated and what is described as an “electrical storm” in the cerebral cortex occurs.  They can be caused by certain accidents and injuries.  This “electrical storm” results when clusters of nerve cells (neurons) send abnormal electrical signals to the brain causing the brain to essentially short circuit.  The brain subsequently sends irregular signals to the rest of the body that can manifest themselves in strange sensations, emotions, muscle spasms, and sometimes loss of consciousness.  Occurrences of seizures (often leading to epilepsy – a disorder termed for those who suffer from repeated seizures) have various causes including genetic factors, brain damage resulting from other disorders, head trauma, prenatal injuries, or exposure to poisonous toxins.

Have you been the victim of an accident resulting in trauma to the head or been exposed to harmful chemicals and suffered a resulting seizure?  Brain injuries and particularly seizures can result in lengthy and costly recovery and treatment.  Permanent damage may also result.  Some studies have shown that the seizure itself further injures the brain; other studies have shown that suffering a seizure can shorten a person’s life.  If you have suffered a seizure as a result of the negligence of another you may be entitled to relief.  The lawyers at the law office of Salcido Law Firm has successful experience helping clients manage complex legal issues involving such brain injuries.

Experts have divided seizures into two major categories (although there are many different types of seizures within each of these categories):  focal seizures and generalized seizures.  Focal seizures occur in a single part of the brain.  Focal seizures may occur without the individual losing consciousness, or only briefly losing consciousness, and generally last only a few seconds.  Generalized seizures involve abnormal activity on both sides of the brain and the impact is often more severe.  Although these classifications help in understanding different seizures, many seizures cannot be easily classified into either category.

There is also significant variety in muscle reactions to seizures.  Some people experiencing a seizure will simply stare blankly for a few moments.  Others may experience violent convulsions.  It is important that people close to the injured individual be aware of the various signs of a seizure (including specific signs from any past seizures) so that they can properly assist.


Encephalopathy is a disorder defined as brain disease, damage, or altered function.  As the definition makes clear, encephalopathy represents a broad array of brain injuries, and accordingly encompasses a variety of symptoms and causes.  The prognosis for someone suffering from encephalopathy likewise can vary from complete recovery, to permanent brain damage or even death.  It is common that those injured will suffer at least some temporary loss of normal brain function.  Such effects can place tremendous hardships on the injured and their families.  Those hardships may be emotional, physical, or even financial.

Sometimes the negligent act of another is the direct cause of a person developing encephalopathy.  In other cases, delayed treatment of encephalopathy itself or of other disorders can increase the brain damage incurred by that person.  When such is the case, the injured party has legal rights to compensation for the harm done.  The law office of Salcido Law Firm is eager and prepared to assist injury victims in handling these complex medical and legal issues.

There are a broad spectrum of symptoms and causes of encephalopathy.  Proper understanding of the disorder and heightened awareness of the symptoms is an important tool to the injured and to those helping to care for the injured.  When symptoms present themselves, prompt medical attention is advised.

Possible Symptoms:

  • Lethargy
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Decreased thinking capabilities
  • Personality changes
  • Dementia
  • Coma

Potential Causes

Encephalopathy may be caused by various different conditions including infections, liver failure, kidney failure, lack of oxygen to the brain, drug/alcohol overdose, exposure to poisonous toxins, poor nutrition, and brain trauma.

Cerebral Palsy

One of the hardest things for a new parent is discovering their new baby suffers from an illness or disease. It is even more shocking when the parent learns that their baby might not recover and might permanently be disabled.

Cerebral Palsy is one of those injuries that makes parents uneasy because most of the time it means a lifelong disability for their child. Cerebral Palsy is a group of disorders that effect a child’s ability to control their own movement. The effects vary depending on the areas of the brain that have been damaged. Cerebral Palsy results from an injury to the brain before, during or after the birthing process. The most common way for the brain to be injured is through a lack of air. However, illness or infection either before or after the birth can also limit the growth of the child’s brain and have a similar effect.

The best way to avoid Cerebral Palsy is through monitoring and quick reactions to any complications during the birthing process or illnesses contracted by the child after birth. If certain risk factors are present during pregnancy there is a higher likelihood of the child later being diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy. Some of the risk factors are breech births, multiple births, fetal distress and maternal bleeding. When these or other waring signs are present the medical staff should know and react immediately in order to lower the risk of an injury to the child’s brain.

Once an injury is sustained, the child will continue to develop without being diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy till later in life. If your son or daughter has been diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy and you suspect that negligence of a hospital staff led to that injury you should contact a competent attorney immediately.

The Utah medical malpractice attorneys at the law firm Salcido Law Firm can help you discover what truly happened and if the medical staff failed to provide adequate care for your child during the pregnancy, the birth or after the delivery of your baby. If the medical staff was negligent, our attorneys can help you get a reasonable recovery to provide for your child’s continued medical care.

Give us a call if you would like to speak to a Utah brain injury attorney.